What is chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Chronic Kidney Disease also called chronic kidney failure is an ongoing continues journey, as it’s doesn’t often get better although there are ways to stop it getting worse. Chronic kidney disease is the gradual loss of your kidneys function overtime, damaged kidneys don’t filter the blood as well as they should, which can lead to severe health concerns.

What causes chronic kidney disease?

Most people with health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure are more exposed to chronic kidney disease. and other diseases including glomerulonephritis, which is an inflammation of the kidney’s filters.


Some of the signs and symptoms of kidney disease may include:

  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Sleep problems
  • Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs.
  • Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart.
  • Swelling in hands or feet
  • Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting.
  • Have difficulties urinating.
  • Many people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) will not have symptoms because it does not usually cause problems until it reaches an advanced stage, and the symptoms are often nonspecific meaning they can also be caused by other illnesses, because your kidneys are adaptable and able to compensate for lost function.

Other things that contribute to people getting chronic kidney disease?

  • Overweight
  • Inherited kidney disease.
  • A past kidney injury.
  • Smoking

Risk Factors

  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • kidney cancer
  • kidney stones
  • Being obese
  • Having heart diseases

Diagnoses and testing

Doctors use variety of tests to measure kidney function and diagnoses kidney failure, but at first it will start with the family history, if you were diagnosed with diabetes and high blood pressure and then other tests are necessary such as:


  • Blood testing: which can show how well your blood is cleaned from wastes.
  • Urine testing: it measures the amount of urine and other substances in the urine such as protein or blood.
  • A sample of kidney tissue for testing: it helps in determine what is causing your kidney a problem.
  • Renal ultrasound: which can show kidney abnormalities or obstructions (blockages).