If it caught early the progression of kidney disease can be slowed down preventing kidney failure. Chronic kidney disease is detected through blood testing, urine albumin and serum creatinine, unfortunately in the early stages chronic kidney disease may not be detected because no signs or symptoms detected.
The 5 main stages of chronic kidney disease are based on how well kidneys are working, stages show very mild damage in stage 1 to complete kidney failure in stage 5, it is based on how well the kidneys are filtering your blood. The stages of chronic kidney disease are based on the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) this test helps doctor to determine how well your kidneys filter your body from wastes and excess fluid from your body, the higher the number the healthier your kidneys are.
- Stage 1 of chronic kidney disease
This is the early stage of chronic kidney disease your GFR is 90 or greater, where kidney damage has been identified but there is still normal kidney function and there are no signs or symptoms, during this stage the doctor may recommend starting a healthy life style and to control diabetes and hypertension.
- Stage 2 of chronic kidney diseaseAt this stage your GFR is between 60-89 which shows kidney damage with mild loss of kidney function.
- Stage 3 of chronic kidney diseaseThe GFR is between 30 – 59 and it’s divided to 2 stages
- Stage 3a: Kidney damage with mild to moderate loss of kidney function, eGFR of 59–45
- Stage 3b: Kidney damage with moderate to severe loss of kidney function, eGFR of 44–30
- That means there is some damage to your kidneys, and they are not working as they should, your doctor should monitor and observe your kidneys functions and increase efforts to treat diabetes and blood pressure and other related issues.
- Stage 4 of chronic kidney diseaseThe GFR is between 15 – 29 which show severe loss of kidney function. The patients may begin feeling unwell and having some of the symptoms. The GFR is between 15 – 29 which show severe loss of kidney function. The patients may begin feeling unwell and having some of the symptoms.End stage renal disease (ESRD), the last stage of chronic kidney disease also known as kidney failure where the GFR is below 10 – 15 it’s often a result of years of chronic kidney disease, now it’s important to decide what treatment option you will choose such as in-center hemodialysis or home-dialysis.